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Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:47

Leaders councils

Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:47

Mission

CANATCOL, AP is a Private Association composed of the owners of the Interoceanic Canal area of Colombia in the Municipalities of Jurado, Riosucio and Turbo, constituted under Law #1508 of the Republic of Colombia of 2012.

Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:47

Vision

CANATCOL, AP has as a top priority the construction of the Colombia Interoceanic Canal for Ultra Large Ships (ULCS) which is projected to be the fleet in 2030.

It also has a series of sub-projects dedicated to creating a development pole in the Department of Chocó to contribute to the health, education and welfare of the entire population of the Colombian Pacific Platform.

 
Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:47

Objectives

CANATCOL, A.P.

It is proposed to inform all the inhabitants of the Department of Choco of the need to open the hidden treasure that they have for the benefit of the community. Congregate the leaders of the Community Councils and Indigenous Reserves to participate as owners in the construction of the Interoceanic Canal of Colombia at sea level and subsequently of the operation and maintenance of the Colombian Canal.

CANATCOL, AP seeks to create wealth with a continuous flow of dollars to devote to the solution of the humanitarian crisis, to the improvement and development of the areas occupied by its owners.

CANATCOL, AP will seek the necessary financial resources to:

  1. Start the organization of the administration and hold a Session in Quibdo to sign the Deed of Incorporation and registration.

  2. Update the plans and economic studies of the Atrato Truando Canal made in New York in 1964.

  3. Complete the soil studies of the Serrania de Baudo that have not been done.

  4. Do the ecological research necessary to obtain the environmental license.

  5. Submit the deeds and plans to the National Planning Department for approval.

  6. Obtain the necessary resources to build the canal.

  7. Build the Colombian Canal, operate it and maintain it for the benefit of the community.

  8. Build the 200 MW tidal power plant in Jurado, Choco.

  9. Build two cement factories in Cabo Tiburon and Napipi.

  10. Build a heavy equipment factory, railway equipment and a shipyard.

  11. Build a Platinum Refinery and put it into operation under the control of the Colombian Bank of the Republic.

  12. Build a factory of engines operated by hydrogen cells with Platinum membranes.

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Description

The Atrato-Truando route was discovered in 1855 by William Kennish in the 5th expedition sponsored by the Wall Street banker of New York, Frederick M. Kelley.

The route was confirmed in 1861 by Lieutenant Nathan Michler, but the US Civil War began and the project was archived. In 1949, US Law 280 ordered the Governor of the Panama Canal to study the Atrato-Truando route again (*).  In 1970, the US Commission for the Interoceanic Canal made the evaluation of thirty possible sites and concluded that the only place where an Interoceanic Canal can be made at sea level is in Choco, Colombia (Fig 6). Two Colombian laws of 1964 and 1984 ordered the construction of the canal. Plans were contracted with TAMS and economic studies with RRNA, two New York companies. They recommended nuclear explosions to cut the Serrania de Baudo and were not accepted. In 1969 new plans were developed and hydraulic studies of the Hydraulic Central Laboratory of France were made available to be updated. The results showed that the Pacific tide rises 4.20 m to the Atrato Lakes. The Atlantic tide of one meter reaches the same place (Fig. 7).  There is sufficient demand for the merchant marine with an increase in the size of ships.

The Foreign Minister of Japan Mr. Fumio Kishida wrote to the President of Panama complaining that "the new locks are not wide enough for the passage of 600,000 TD ships". Unfortunately they cannot be extended because the Miraflores and Gatun lakes do not have the capacity to increase them. The Colombia Canal will be a complement to the Panama Canal, for the ULCS ships.

The Nicaragua Canal was planned to be built over 280 km long, two triple locks fed by the Lake of Nicaragua. Two tectonic faults  destroyed Managua in 1931 and 1976. Hurricane Mitch produced 3,000 deaths in 1976. Their budget was $ 50B USD. There are serious ecological problems that endanger the existence of Lake Nicaragua, the country's water source. The owners of the Canal area protested the expropriation of their land decreed by Law 840 and the Hong Kong company declared Bankruptcy.

CANATCOL, AP The Private Association of the Colombia Canal (Law 1508/2012) was constituted by the owners of the Canal area (Law 70.1993).  CANATCOL represents 150 Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Cabildos communities, owners of the Canal area in the Municipalities of Jurado and Riosucio, Department of Choco.   The extension between the two oceans is 107 miles (172 km.) Most of the land is alluvial, easy to dig. The difficult part is to cross the lowest part of the Serrania de Baudo at 656 feet (200 m.) above sea level, with an open sky cut of 3 mile (4,800 m.) long, 492 feet (150 m.) wide at the base and 92 feet (28 m.) deep to allow Ultra Large Container Ships (ULCS) to pass more than 18,000 TEU.

The Board of Directors of CANATCOL, AP is made up of representatives of ethnic communities. It has an Economic Committee confirmed by local experts.

A law is being requested from the Government of Colombia to exempt the construction of the canal from all taxes for a period of 10 years for new companies that are installed in the Department of Choco. The construction of the Canal with the advice of the Water Center of Unesco-Latin America is also being sought as well as ordering to the 27 Battalions of Military Engineers to build the canal. (Law 24 of 1959).

 

Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:46

Financing

CANATCOL, AP requires the highest priority and the guarantee of the state, for the issuance of bonds, stocks and international loans.

The sale of timber from the canal area is estimated to provide USD $ 3.5 billion.

 

WHAT WE HAVE?

The most valuable corner of America.

The only site in the hemisphere where you can make an Interoceanic Canal at sea level for Ultra Large Container Ships that are projected to be 85% of the merchant fleet in the next ten years.

A private Association of the owners of the Canal area who wish to open it.

1855 Description of the route by William Kennish, and Frederick M. Kelley (New York).

1861 Report of the Mission of Lieutenant N. Michler (Washington, DC).

1949 Panama Governor’s Report of the Atrato-Truando Route.

1970 US Government Commission Inter Oceanic Canal.

1964 Engineering Studies, geology, soils.

1969 Central Hydraulics Laboratory of France.

2014 “Atrato River Navigability Studies”.

 

WHAT HAS BEEN DONE?

Colombian Law # 53 of 1964 for which plans and economic studies were contracted with two New York companies Tippets-Abbet-McCarthy-Straton and R. Nathan.

Colombian Law # 53 of 1984 ordered the construction of the Canal (It has not been complied with, “it is in force because no other law has repealed it”).

Decree 0926 of 1996 contracted with Nathan of New York feasibility studies.

They concluded that they should wait to finish the expansion of the Panama Canal, which was completed in 2016.

 

WHAT IS NEEDED?

A partner that redesigns the plans in 3D, completes the environmental studies, establishes a Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) with CANATCOL, AP as a Majority Partner (> 51%), takes inventory of the trees ($ 3,500 Million USD Value) and trace the Canal route, finance the bond issuance investment, build and operate the Canal for X number of years.

 

WHAT SHOULD BE DONE?

Option 1. Proclaim a new law that orders the Military Engineers to build the work.

Financing cut to open sky of the Serrania de Baudo of 3 miles (4,800 m) with the sale of trees.

Finance the rest of the project with bond issuance.

Option 2. Santiago Perez Triana proposed in 1915 in London to get a company of multinational engineers to do the work, finance and operate the Canal for a defined number of years.

Bond issuance may be a convenient option to meet the requirements ... This article emphasizes the issuance of bonds as an investment mechanism.

Seek foreign financing and international support from the following countries and organizations: Switzerland, China, France, Japan, Holland, South Korea, Qatar, Singapore, United Kingdom, USA, European Union.

According to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan Fumio Kishida considers that the width of the Panama Canal is insufficient for his vessels. (Wall Street Journal, 2014).

Japan is in an energy crisis due to the destruction of the reactors of Fukushima by the Tsunami. Japan imports 98% of oil, and 90% of coal.

With external collaboration, Colombia could build a liquid natural gas plant and could export Cerrejon coal and oil.

Japan could participate in the Public Private Association of the Interoceanic Canal of Colombia at sea level. The capacity of the port of Bahía Colombia to receive EEA vessels could be increased.

Japan through its organizations JICA (Bilateral Cooperation Agency) and the implementation of Japan's ODA (Official Development Assistance) can develop negotiations. It must also be included in the FTA (Free Trade Agreement) that is currently being carried out with Japan.

Holland: You can also do the feasibility study with the Dutch companies Royal Haskoning-DHV and Ecorys as they did with Nicaragua, bringing their experience and knowledge in maritime transport and the manufacture of cranes for large ports.

European Union: it has programs and economic resources for humanitarian crisis problems, which is the reality today in Chocó, Colombia.

Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:45

History

  1. INTRODUCTION

    The Minister of Public Works Tomas Castrillon Muñoz presented to the Colombian Congress the bill to build the Atrato-Truando Canal in 1964. It was approved and signed by President Guillermo Leon Valencia and converted into Law 53 of 1964, which was published in the Official Gazette No. 23161.

    Under this provision, the services of two New York companies were hired: Civil Engineers of Tippets-Abbett-McCarthy-Stratton and economists Robert R Nathan, Associates.

    The Engineers consulted with the Lawrence Livermoore National Laboratory and recommended nuclear explosions to cross the Serrania de Baudo. This was not accepted.

    HISTORY

    "Colombia is, truly the golden key between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, key that everyone would want to hoard to open the interoceanic canal to which they smile and at the same time fear all the nations of the world. Colombia, that of the monster Canal, that of glorious legends, that of enormous wealth, seedbed of millions, Babylon of commerce".  Nicolas Aristizabal Llanos, 1912.

    Juan de la Cosa and Vasco Nuñez de Balboa, in 1500 and 1501 toured the Caribbean Coast from Cabo de la Vela to the Gulf of Uraba, and settled on the latter point for some time. Product of the exploration was the subjugation of the Uraba and Darien chiefs in 1504 by Juan de la Cosa, who also ventured through the mouths of the Atrato river. Six years later, in 1510, Alonso de Ojeda arrived on the Gulf of Uraba coasts and in the eastern sector built a fortress called San Sebastian de Uraba.

    On the initiative of Vasco Nuñez de Balboa, they went to the opposite coast and founded Santa Maria La Antigua, converted by them into the base where the explorations and expeditions of the time began.

    According to Father Ramirez , the first to suggest a communication between the Gulf of San Miguel and the Atrato River, was "one such Saavedra" contemporary of Balboa (Ramirez, JE, 1967).

    In the year 1514, the King of Spain gave orders to the new Governor Pedrarias Davila, to discover the South Sea. [The King did not know that it had already been discovered in 1513 by Vasco Nuñez de Balboa]. The King wrote: "three or four seats are made from the village of Our Lady Santa Maria del Darien, to the said South Sea, in the parts that seem most profitable in the Gulf of Uraba, to cross and trample the land of the one part to the other, and where with less difficulty people can walk, and in places that seem to be healthier, and have good water and seats, according to the instruction you took: and the seat that is ought to make ... in the South Sea, it must be in the port that is best found and most convenient for the contracting of that gulf. "

    [Letter from the Catholic King to Pedrarias Davila, 1514, On the means of facilitating communication between the Darien Coast and the South Sea, Simancas Archive, Spanish Archives Portal, Madrid.] In 1524 Hernan Cortes wrote to Carlos V suggesting to dig a channel to shorten trips to Ecuador and Peru. The Portuguese Antonio Galvao made a preliminary project in 1529 but the technology of the time made it impossible.

    In 1536, Pedro de Heredia made an expedition through the Atrato River and to the Abibe mountain range.

    In 1788 the first interoceanic canal in America was the Cura Canal, named for having been built by Gabriel Arrachategui, a Catholic priest, by joining the Atrato and San Juan rivers through the Raspadura ravine. The width of the canal is only two meters but it served to carry armament and ammunition to Cartagena in the Colombian War of Independence.

    In 1827 Robert Stephenson, the son of George Stephenson visited Bogota and proposed to the Liberator Simon Bolivar the construction of the Panama Isthmus railway, but for various reasons, the idea was not carried out.

    In 1828 Simon Bolivar ordered the Governor of Choco Colonel Jose Maria Cancino to build the San Pablo canal with peaks and a shovels, which consisted of 46 km between the Atrato and San Juan rivers. The order has not yet been fulfilled, despite the fact that the Military Engineers Battalion # 15 is stationed in Las Animas, in the center of the isthmus. This would be a canal to link the San Juan-San Pablo-Quito and Atrato rivers. Only a 5 km excavation is needed, to align and dredge three meters deep on the San Pablo and Quito rivers to service barges and tugs.

    In 1849 President Jose Hilario Lopez signed the contract for the construction of the Panama Railroad with a US company. The 77-kilometer line began to be built in 1850 and was completed five years later. The success was immediate by the large number of travelers from the eastern coast of the US who were heading to participate in the California Gold Rush.

    The union of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by a canal at sea level, without locks or tunnels to allow the crossing of large ships classified as Ultra-Large Container Ships (ULCS) of more than 18,000 TEU (Acronym in English corresponding to the 20-foot Container Equivalent Unit).

    Fig. # 1.

    The United States Commission for the Interoceanic Canal studied thirty possible sites to build canals in 1970 and concluded that the only place where the seas can be joined at sea level is Route # 25, which corresponds to the Atrato -Truandó rivers in Colombia.

    In 1550 the Portuguese Antonio Galvao in his book pointed out four sites where the interoceanic union could be built.

    Alexander von Humboldt on his exploration trips to Latin America drew six possible communication sites between the South Sea and the Atlantic Ocean (1808).

    "On June 1, 1825, the Congress of the Republic of New Granada (now Colombia) passed a law granting exclusive privileges to open a canal through the Isthmus of Darien". It was an honor to request the Executive Power for Mr. Patrick Wilson, Mr. Edward Cullen, as representatives of Mr. Charles Fox, John Henderson, and Thomas Brassey of London. The document was signed by the President of the Republic of New Granada Jose Hilario Lopez, and Foreign Secretary Jose Maria Plata. Humboldt's ideas influenced Frederick M. Kelley, a banker from New York who possibly using the authorization granted to the English, financed seven expeditions to discover the route. 

    1. The exploration of the Atrato-San Juan route was done in 1852 by Philadelphia Engineer John C. Trautwine who published a regional map (Fig. 2).
    2. The expedition under the command of Mr. Mark B. Porter in 1853.
    3. Expedition commanded by Colonel James Lane in 1853.
    4. Expeditions commanded by Colonel James Lane in 1854.
    5. The route through the Atrato-Truando rivers was discovered in 1855 by Captain William Kennish: a distance of 130 miles for a canal 200 feet wide and 30 feet deep.

    In 1858, the US Congress passed a law signed by President James Buchanan whereby Lieutenant N. Michler was sent with 22 scientists to confirm the findings of Captain William Kennish.

    The report was presented to the US Congress in 1861 when the Civil War began and the project was archived.

    The two final expeditions sponsored by Mr. Frederic M. Kelley were:

    1. Gulf of San Blas in 1863 financed by Mr. Cyrus Buttler and Mr. Like T. Merritt, and commanded by Mr. Norman Rude.
    2. On the seventh expedition, Mr. McDougall found the 30-mile long interoceanic route along the Bayamo River that would need a 7-10-mile tunnel.

    Frederick M. Kelley presented this information in his speech on the occasion of the tribute that the New York Chamber of Commerce paid to Ferdinand de Lesseps at the Hotel Delmonico on March 1, 1870.

    Several books by Mr. Kelley in English and French were forgotten. It is possible that there is a copy in the Jesuit Library in Bogota, because Father Jesus Emilio Ramirez, SJ refers to Kelley in his 1967 article. This information, which was forgotten, was lost for many years but was recovered by the library  Google digital.

    We translated Kelley's book into Spanish and it was published by the Digital Library of the National University of Colombia in 2013. (Fig. 3)

    In 1858, the United States Congress issued a law signed by President James Buchanan to send a new expedition to confirm the findings found by Kennish and Kelley. The results were presented in 1861 when the United States Civil War began and these projects were archived. (Fig. 4)

    In 1949, the Governor of the Panama Canal published the study on the Atrato-Truando Canal, ordered by law 280 of the 79th Congress of the United States of North America. It begins with the description of the area, the geological studies and comparison of the costs between the Atrato-Truando route and the routes of Panama, San Blas and Caledonia. The Atrato Truando route was previously estimated at $ 5’260,783,000 USD. Previously Michler (1861) had compared the costs published by Kelley and Kennish with those of his own expedition. 

 

 

Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:44

Ultra Large Container Ships

The new Ultra Large Container Ships (ULCS) that have been developed at the beginning of the 21st century are ships that transport more than 18,000 containers with the same crew of smaller ships, with reduced fuel costs and reduced transport costs by ton. Its number is increasing and it is predicted that by 2030 it will be 85% of the Merchant Fleet. The new Panama Canal locks opened in 2016 were built for 14,000 TEU Ships (20 feet container unit). An option that will allow the crossing of the larger ships of the future is the construction of the Colombia Interoceanic Canal at sea level to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by a two-way waterway for ULCS.

Colombia Interoceanic Canal, Ultra Large Container Ships (ULCS)

Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:44

Colombia Interoceanic Canal

Colombia Interoceanic Canal: the only one of 30 sites in America where a sea level canal can be made. It spans 107 miles (172 km.) between Coredo 6.9 3333, -77.65 and Unguia: 8.017277, -76.902789

Saturday, 11 January 2020 20:44

Choco - Colombia - South America

Choco is one of the thirty-two departments that, together with Bogota, Distrito Capital, form the Republic of Colombia. Its capital is Quibdo. It is located in the northwest part of Colombia, in the Andean and Pacific regions, limiting to the north with Panama and the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean), to the northeast with Antioquia, to the east with Risaralda, to the south with Valle del Cauca and to the west with the Pacific Ocean. With 46, 530 km² it is the ninth largest department - behind Amazonas, Vichada, Caqueta, Meta, Guainia, Antioquia, Vaupes and Guaviare - and with 10.75 inhabitants / km², the eighth least densely populated part of Colombia, ahead of Casanare, Caqueta, Guaviare, Vaupes, Amazonas, Vichada and Guainia. It includes the jungles of Darien and the basins of the Atrato and San Juan rivers. It is the only location in Colombia with coasts on the Pacific and Atlantic oceans

Choco is the only bordering department with Panama. This region probably has the greatest rainfall on the planet.

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