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The Atrato-Truando route was discovered in 1855 by William Kennish in the 5th expedition sponsored by the Wall Street banker of New York, Frederick M. Kelley.

The route was confirmed in 1861 by Lieutenant Nathan Michler, but the US Civil War began and the project was archived. In 1949, US Law 280 ordered the Governor of the Panama Canal to study the Atrato-Truando route again (*).  In 1970, the US Commission for the Interoceanic Canal made the evaluation of thirty possible sites and concluded that the only place where an Interoceanic Canal can be made at sea level is in Choco, Colombia (Fig 6). Two Colombian laws of 1964 and 1984 ordered the construction of the canal. Plans were contracted with TAMS and economic studies with RRNA, two New York companies. They recommended nuclear explosions to cut the Serrania de Baudo and were not accepted. In 1969 new plans were developed and hydraulic studies of the Hydraulic Central Laboratory of France were made available to be updated. The results showed that the Pacific tide rises 4.20 m to the Atrato Lakes. The Atlantic tide of one meter reaches the same place (Fig. 7).  There is sufficient demand for the merchant marine with an increase in the size of ships.

The Foreign Minister of Japan Mr. Fumio Kishida wrote to the President of Panama complaining that "the new locks are not wide enough for the passage of 600,000 TD ships". Unfortunately they cannot be extended because the Miraflores and Gatun lakes do not have the capacity to increase them. The Colombia Canal will be a complement to the Panama Canal, for the ULCS ships.

The Nicaragua Canal was planned to be built over 280 km long, two triple locks fed by the Lake of Nicaragua. Two tectonic faults  destroyed Managua in 1931 and 1976. Hurricane Mitch produced 3,000 deaths in 1976. Their budget was $ 50B USD. There are serious ecological problems that endanger the existence of Lake Nicaragua, the country's water source. The owners of the Canal area protested the expropriation of their land decreed by Law 840 and the Hong Kong company declared Bankruptcy.

CANATCOL, AP The Private Association of the Colombia Canal (Law 1508/2012) was constituted by the owners of the Canal area (Law 70.1993).  CANATCOL represents 150 Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Cabildos communities, owners of the Canal area in the Municipalities of Jurado and Riosucio, Department of Choco.   The extension between the two oceans is 107 miles (172 km.) Most of the land is alluvial, easy to dig. The difficult part is to cross the lowest part of the Serrania de Baudo at 656 feet (200 m.) above sea level, with an open sky cut of 3 mile (4,800 m.) long, 492 feet (150 m.) wide at the base and 92 feet (28 m.) deep to allow Ultra Large Container Ships (ULCS) to pass more than 18,000 TEU.

The Board of Directors of CANATCOL, AP is made up of representatives of ethnic communities. It has an Economic Committee confirmed by local experts.

A law is being requested from the Government of Colombia to exempt the construction of the canal from all taxes for a period of 10 years for new companies that are installed in the Department of Choco. The construction of the Canal with the advice of the Water Center of Unesco-Latin America is also being sought as well as ordering to the 27 Battalions of Military Engineers to build the canal. (Law 24 of 1959).


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